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What are the most common reasons a horse develops a corneal ulcer?

Corneal ulcers develop when bacteria and/or fungi gain access to the interior of the cornea, generally as the result of trauma. This “trauma” is generally a non-event and goes undetected. When we think of trauma we think of a catastrophic event. In many cases the traumatic event is simply a piece of hay that scratched the cornea. Horses eating large round bales are at an increased risk because they prefer the better hay in the center and will bury their heads trying to reach the better hay. This creates an increased risk of scratching the cornea. Other possibilities include foreign bodies lodged in the eye, or blunt force trauma such as a stick, fence post, or even another horse. The cornea doesn’t have blood vessels, consequently these injuries don’t bleed and this often delays owners from noticing subtle signs of impending problems

 
Are there any surgical options to repair a corneal ulcer? View Details
 
How do I know if my horse has lost its sight due to a corneal ulcer or other eye disease? View Details
 
What are the challenges with treating a larger or out of control ulcer? View Details
 
With proper treatment how quickly can a corneal ulcer repair itself? View Details
 
Sometimes with medical issues if we give them a day or two they will resolve themselves. Is this the case with corneal ulcers? View Details
 
If an owner suspects an eye problem should they flush the eye and try to treat it on their own before calling a veterinarian? View Details
 
If the traumatic injury can be as subtle as a scratch from a piece of hay how can an owner detect that there is a problem? View Details
 
If an owner believes there is a foreign body in the horse’s eye is it okay to shine a light in the eye to exam it? View Details
 
How can I tell if my horse has strangles? View Details
 
How is the EHV-1 virus spread? View Details
 
What are the treatments for strangles? View Details
 
What are the most common symptoms of strangles? View Details
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