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Horse Health 101 : Horse Health Library : Dentistry

Horse Teeth Facts

  • How many teeth do horses have? If they have a complete set, which is rare, they would have 44 teeth.
  • Horses have teeth that continue to erupt for 20 to 30 years. These teeth are called a “hypsodont.”
  • The horse’s front teeth are called incisors. These are the teeth the horse uses to pull grass. There are 6 on the top and 6 on the bottom of the mouth.
  • Canine teeth are usually only present in male horses. The canines are located between the incisor and cheek teeth with 2 on top and 2 on bottom.
  • There can be 4 pre-molars on both side of hte top and bottom . The first pre-molars are what is referred to as "wolf teeth". Wolf teeth are most commonly on top of the mouth but can be on the bottom as well. It is common for horses to have their wolf teeth pulled for better bit comfort.
  • The horse has 4 molars. These are the teeth used for chewing and grinding. They are located on both sides of the mouth, top and bottom.
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