General Horse Health
White Line Disease is caused by spore-forming bacteria. To date, twenty-two different types of fungal spores have been identified. The condition occurs when pathogens invade a weak or compromised hoof wall where they deteriorate the non-pigment portions of the horn wall.
Radiographs confirm a diagnosis of white line disease by capturing the presence of gas trapped in the hoof wall. Treatment includes removal of the diseased hoof wall, allowing oxygen to reach and kill the bacteria.
The disease is often associated with laminitis.
We have probably all heard we should not place ice directly on the skin. This is true when treating horses, too. While ice freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit it is often much colder. Ice from a typical kitchen freezer can be as cold as -20 F.
Burn occurs when ice is placed directly on the skin. The skin begins to freeze, and ice crystals form within the cell structure causing damage, or “ice burn”.
To avoid crystal formation and ice burn, soak foot and leg injuries in a bucket of ice water. For injuries that cannot be soaked, place a layer of cloth between the ice pack and the skin.
Some horses really like to eat clover and in the summer, some clover can become infected with a type of fungus that produces a chemical called slaframine. This chemical stimulates the production of a tremendous amount of saliva. This fungus, rhizoctonia leguminicola, can also infect other types of legumes such as alfalfa and can be found on red and white clover. It thrives under conditions of high rainfall or high humidity.
While this condition is aesthetically unpleasant and messy, there are rarely any actual health concerns for the horse. Symptoms of slaframine consumption can begin as soon as one hour after ingestion of the contaminated plants and may last up to three days after the source is removed.
Yes. You can give your horse a dark beer like a stout served at room temperature. In theory this should help. If that doesn’t do the trick, there are medications that can be prescribed.
There are several signs of colic. They are:
- Not eating or finishing feed
- Lying down
- Not passing a normal amount of manure
- Decreased or absent GI sounds
- Looking at sides
- Curling of upper lip
- Kicking or pawing at belly
- Repeatedly rolling
- Stretching out
- Increased heart rate
- Rapid breathing or flaring of nostrils
- Appears bloated
- Tucked up in the abdomen